Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country located on the northern coast of South America. It is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. The Venezuelan government claims the Guayana Esequiba region, which makes up two-thirds of Guyana. ..
Uruguay, officially the Eastern Republic of Uruguay, is located in the southeast of South America. Uruguay gained its independence between 1811 and 1828 after a four-way struggle between Portugal and Spain, and later Argentina and Brazil. The country, which is bordered by Argentina to the west and south-west, and Brazil to the north and northeast, ..
Suriname, officially the Republic of Suriname, is a sovereign state on the Atlantic coast of South America. It borders Brazil to the south, Guyana to the west, and French Guiana to the east. With an area of 165,000 km², it is the smallest country in South America. Suriname has a population of approximately 566,000, with ..
Peru or officially the Republic of Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Geography Location Peru is located in a geography bounded by Ecuador and ..
The Republic of Paraguay is a country in South America. The landlocked country is surrounded by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the north and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Etymology The name Paraguay comes from the Guarani words “para” (this side) and “guay” (river). Although the Guarani used the name “Paraguay” ..
Guyana, officially the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, is a country located in the Caribbean. Located in the north of the continent, Venezuela is located in the west, Suriname in the east and Brazil in the south; its northern sides have coasts on the Caribbean Sea. The country’s largest city and also its capital is Georgetown. ..
Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democracy in South America. It borders Colombia to the north, Peru to the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Located in the Pacific Ocean, 965 kilometers west of the mainland, the Galapagos Islands are also within the country’s borders. The country is ..
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country located in South America and has islands in North America. It is bordered by Panama to the northwest, the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela and Brazil to the east, Ecuador and Peru to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is the ..
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in South America. It is in the form of a thin long strip between the Andes Mountains in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Its area is 756,096 km² and its population is 17.5 million. Its capital and largest city is Santiago, and ..
Brazil, or officially the Federal Republic of Brazil, is the largest and most populous country in South America. It is bordered by all South American countries except Brazil, Ecuador and Chile, which cover 47.7% of Latin America. Having a border with its neighbors of 12,000 km, Brazil borders Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest, Bolivia ..